Apr 262013

“Mushroom” describes a variety of gilled fungi, with or without stems, and the term is used even more generally, to describe both the fleshy fruiting bodies of some Ascomycota and the woody or leathery fruiting bodies of some Basidiomycota, depending upon the context of the word.

#1 Tsezarsky mushroom (Amanita caesarea):

Tsezarsky mushroom

Very valuable edible fungus, which grows in southern Europe and North America. For the first time this fungus is described by Giovanni Antonio Scopoli in 1772. His loved the rulers of the Roman Empire. It has a distinctive orange cap, yellow spore-bearing plate and the leg. This fungus is very much appreciated by the Romans, who called it Boletus.

#2 Mycena interrupta:

Mycena interrupta

This fungus grows in Australia, New Zealand, Chile and New Caledonia. In Australia, growing in Victoria, Tasmania, New South Wales and South Australia, and in Queensland, but only at The National Park Lamington. Pileus is 0.6-2 cm, and they have a bright blue color. When they appear, they have a spherical shape, but as they mature become wider. Hats sticky and slimy-looking, especially in the rain.

#3 Ksantor elegant (Xanthoria elegans):

Ksantor elegant

This fungus grows on rocks, often near the bird perches or mink rodents. By the nature of this lichen. He became one of the first lichens used in the method of dating rock surfaces, known as lihenometriya. Growing at a rate of 0.5 mm per year during the first century, and then a little slow its growth.

#4 Conic morel (Morchella conica)

Conic morel

Edible mushroom in the upper part resembling a honeycomb. It consists of a network of undulated strips with voids therebetween. Very appreciated by gourmets, especially in French cuisine. The fungus is very popular with mushroom hunters not only from a commercial point of view, but also because of the pleasant taste.

#5 Red fly agaric (Amanita muscaria):

Red fly agaric

All known amanita – poisonous and psychoactive basidiomycete fungus. It grows in the Northern Hemisphere, but also was introduced in the country of the southern hemisphere, first as a symbiont in the coniferous forests, and later as a full species. Red hat with white dots – who is not known mushroom? It is one of the most recognizable of fungi in the world. Although considered poisonous fly agaric, Amanita muscaria confirmed cases of poisoning is not, and in some parts of Europe, Asia and North America, and did eat him after blanching. Amanita has hallucinogenic properties, its main psychoactive component – is muscimol. Some peoples of Siberia are using it as an entheogen, and he has a great religious significance in these cultures.

#6 Clathrus ruber:

Clathrus ruber

Often called “the football mushroom” you wouldn’t want to kick it to a friend because the interior surfaces are all coated with a foul-smelling slime that attracts flies and other insects and if this is sprayed over someone they would be like an instant lunch for insects. 100% non-edible.

#7 Hydnellum peckii:

Hydnellum peckii

“The Bleeding Tooth mushroom” Hydnellum peckii is a hydnoid species, producing spores on the surface of vertical spines or tooth-like projections that hang from the underbelly of the main stalk  It is found in North America, South America, Europe and was recently discovered in Iran. These are VERY deadly even to touch and 100% non-edible

#8 Hygrocybe Helobia:

Hygrocybe helobia

These amazing brightly coloured shiny mushrooms are often described as the orchids of the fungi world. They are found on lawns and grassy churchyards or most normally grass that has never had any artificial fertilizers applied to it and are 100% non-edible.

#9 Dictyophora indusiata:

Dictyophora indusiata

“The Veiled Lady” the fruit body of the fungus is characterised by a conical to bell-shaped cap on a stalk and a delicate “lacy skirt” that hangs from beneath the cap and reaches nearly to the ground. Once again you don’t really need me to tell you that this is deadly to touch and should never be eaten.

#10 Boletus campestris:

Boletus campestris

This mushrooms grow in late spring and summer on the ground in the upland woods, often at the edges of trails. Often seen after late spring and summer rains and despite being quite a vivid colour and look are in fact 100% edible.